Performance - When entering the arena, each rider proceeds down a marked center line and halts to salute. The horse must stand four-square and immobile. In all competitions, the horse has to show the paces - walk, trot and canter as well as smooth transitions within and between these paces.
What the panel of 5 Judges look for:
- The figures, awarding each a mark from 0 to 10
- Once totalled, these scores produce a percentage and the rider or team with the highest total score is declared the winner.
Performance - a test of the combination’s skill, accuracy, and training of horse and rider over a course of 10 to 13 jumps. The winner is the horse and rider combination that incurs the least number of penalties, completes the course in the fastest time or gains the highest number of points depending on the type of competition.
Ties - if the competition does not include a Jump-off (a tie), the competitor with the fastest time wins. If the competition does include a Jump-off, those tied for first place jump a new shorter round against the clock. The winner is the one with the fewest penalties accumulated over the reduced course, and in the event of a tied score, the time will be the deciding factor.
What the Judges look for:
- Each bar knocked down draws a sanction of 4 penalties
- First refusal - also draws a sanction of 4 penalties (this is when the horse stops short in front of the jump or goes around it).
- The second baulkingrefusal, or any fall, will eliminate horse and rider.
- covers all-around riding ability and horsemanship:
- Dressage - The test consists of a series of compulsory movements at walk, trot and canter gaits that characterizes the harmony between horse and rider.
- Cross Country - This tests the ability of athletes and horses to adpat to different and variable conditions (weather, terrain, obstacles, footing etc...) and jumping ability of the horse, while at the same time demonstrating the rider’s knowledge of pace and the use of his horse. Exceeding the time allowed and refusals result in penalties. Fall of a horse and/or of a rider entails immediate elimination.
- Jumping - This test is run in reverse order of merit and its main objective is to prove that the horses have retained their suppleness, energy and obedience in order to jump a course of 11 to 15 obstacles. Riders may voluntarily retire their horses if they seem unfit to continue.
What the Judges look:
The winning individual is the competitor with the lowest total of penalty points. The winning team is the one with the lowest total of penalty points, after adding together the final scores of the three highest placed competitors in the team.
if you'd like to hold some mini events that mimic the big Olympic Games try these gymnastics
in your own backyard or game room. We found some great infographics for the summer games (as shown) to give some you visual insights. For many of the winter games, you'll find in-depth explanations at this site
with more fun visuals.
We added these winter "one-pagers" to our Sports Know-How
category in time for the Winter Youth Olympic Games
(YOG) that were held in January 2012. We got inspired by the 2012 London Summer Games
to add to our Summer Sports category. We'll be adding sports periodically so keep checking back. If the titles are shining brightly in white text, they're ready for you to click on! ^.^